editing process in documentary production

Essentially, film editing is about assembling shots into a logical sequence. Documentary. The dailies or rushes are sorted and labelled in ‘bins’. The process of editing a movie is also seen as the second directing because through post-production it is possible to change the intention of the movie. Being a one-stop-shop, we cover the entire production process – from helping clients develop an audio-visual narrative, to filming/lighting/sound recording, as well as in-house editing services. In that series of events, you want to take your audience on an emotional rollercoaster — or story arc. If you’re making a film about woodworking you might want to collect lots of cool footage of people sawing wood or fitting joints into grooves or sanding rough edges or staining finished chairs. They will examine many hours worth of footage and select the best takes to use in the final video. Put the film online for streaming/VOD purchases – Online storefronts like Amazon, iTunes and others will allow you to market your film and sell directly to consumers. The second is the digital way. There are some that will absolutely blow your mind. From the script and production notes, you can start to select corresponding clips, placing them in order on the timeline. It features […], […] a detailed breakdown of the gear in his suite. Once all filming is complete, it's time to begin editing.This step will need to be handled by a skilled editor. I only wish more editors shared their craft in this way…, […] An Exemplary Lecture on Editing Documentaries […]. Film editing is both a creative and a technical part of the post-production process of filmmaking.The term is derived from the traditional process of working with film which increasingly involves the use of digital technology.. Cancel. One second of film contains 24 frames. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Editing – Depending on the length of your film (feature or short) your editing process might be quite long and complex or simpler. On a documentary film, the editorial process often runs in parallel with production, since the story is built primarily in the edit. The content we create ranges from short documentaries, branded content, event videography, and social media content. Edit: The edit suite is the command center during postproduction. Editing is a painstaking process that takes many weeks, often months, of drafts and opinions in which the film really takes shape. The editor of the Oscar-nominated documentary "The Square" takes us through his process. I. Documentary ¤lms—Production and direction. An abridged extract from his widely acclaimed book: “Raindance Lo-To-No Budget Filmmaking“ Classical film editing has developed a methodology which structures the work process into precise stages – a methodology that is very similar in every country around the world. See our related article: How to boost film production values. Editing and postproduction are done at a later time. Shorter documentaries might just leap into the editing … Editing is a part of the post-production process that includes a combination of both technical and creative techniques. In regards to the editing process I felt I worked well due to previous experience with using Avid and I was able to take lead at stages in terms of taking the front seat. Once done with the rough cut, you’ll begin adding things like sound effects, music, visual effects, and color correction. and editing of a production. A two-column script is an easy way to structure and plan for your documentary project. For a 2-hour film, the editor selects more than 170,000 frames. Editing is a painstaking process that takes many weeks, often months, of drafts and opinions in which the film really takes shape. The following workflow, is more or less what every documentary filmmaker does when working up […] 2. Here’s the process I went through with Blog Events: 1. ... Keep investigating sources throughout your process, even during post-production and film editing, finishing, and even early showings at film festivals. Indeed, editing is one of the last steps, but it is arguably also one of the most important ones. 215MC Documentary Production- Real Lives. Frontline editor Steve Audette delivers a fine lecture on how to edit documentaries in a gripping fashion. An editor works with raw footage of a film, choosing appropriate shots and combining them into a sequence that aligns with the vision of the director. Getting feedback – Almost every film, nonfiction or not, involves a substantial feedback gathering phase once there’s a rough cut ready to be shown. Each take can contain extra notes from the director or the cinematographer. Speaking of Steve, if you’ve not seen his excellent lecture on documentary editing, then you’ve been seriously missing […], […] Steve Audette a highly experienced documentary editor, delivers this brilliant lecture on how to best use After Effects in the documentary edit suite. This is your document, and you have worked hard to get it … We understand that communication between the author and the editor is the key to this process, and our Four Step Editing Plan facilitates this interaction. Editing – Depending on the length of your film (feature or short) your editing process might be quite long and complex or simpler. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Currently in post production. This is an attempt at enhancement to further refine production value and quality while shooting. The number of stages and amount of time spent will also vary widely based on the type of film. One of a documentary director's most important roles is to film with editing in mind, both to prevent waste and to make the editing process easier and less expensive. Some research methods include: Weighing up the statistics- Do some research on line to see what the target consumer respond to to get an idea of what works and what doesn’t. The editor begins cutting the movie, guided by the vision of the director. Students explore all aspects of filmmaking and professional development, including pre-production planning, producing, writing, cinematography, directing, and editing and other post-production steps. Editing is called the final re-write, or the third re-write because of the two key processes that precede it to make that even possible. Steve has edited for over two decades for Frontline and Nova, and explains the way he edits documentaries to make them as gripping, engaging and entertaining as possible. At its most basic level, a concept should be able to be communicated in three sentences — the beginning, the middle, and the end, translating to acts I, II, and III. Post-Production is the stage after production when the filming is wrapped and the editing of the visual and audio materials begins. Filmmaking (or, in any context, film production) is the process by which a film is made.It's a non-linear methodology that evolved from the practical experiences in its beginnings, which was framed by what technology would allow; initially cameras holding only 10 minutes of negative raw stock at … We've looked at all the available documentary video cameras on the market today from DSLRs to traditional video cameras and made our recommendations. The pre-production process should map out, in detail, what appeals to the target consumer and how it will appeal to them. Feature length documentaries often start with a paper edit or a compilation of interview transcripts that roughly sketch out the structure of the film before any footage is actually edited. You’ll also need to get permissions and documentation that you have those permissions from the rights holders or creators of this imagery if it’s not in the public domain or covered under the fair use loophole. Fundraising & building a team – Next the filmmaker will create a rough budget for what it will cost to make the film. Simply being a subject expert is not enough to be “cast” in a documentary– you also need to be good on camera and able to speak in an understandable and engaging way that won’t confuse or put your audience to sleep. And as always, we're more than happy to talk with you to discuss your production or editing ideas - call us (703) 683-5305 or contact us. Thank you for your patience during this lengthy editing process. Of course, you’ll want to get documentary film release forms signed from all your participants so you can legally use the footage you shoot with them. This can also combine with live production method. a. The 13 Steps of Post-Production 1. In the case of a documentary or an interview, you should utilize the production notes and the paper transcript of the footage. Production. See our related article Creative B-Roll Ideas for Documentary Filmmakers. This is sometimes called editing in the camera. Filming Process; FMP Documentary Film (OFFICIAL) Editing Process; Experiments; Reflective Diary; Bibliography; Evaluation; Editing Process. This process will require the use of editing software — if you’re not confident, feel free to find/hire an experienced editor. Filmmaking involves a number of complex and discrete stages including an initial story, idea, or commission, through screenwriting, casting, shooting, sound recording and pre-production, editing, and screening the finished product before an audience that may result in a film release and an exhibition. In this article, we will discuss the six styles or modes Nichols wrote able. Sometimes for a documentary film, this might end up being quite different from the eventual finished product but documentaries often times start with a fair amount of research. Editing is so important that it can actually make or break the entire film. I’m hoping I can find a way to get them back again. Not every film will include all of the steps in this step by step documentary filmmaking guide, and just about every film will include other unique steps that we haven’t mentioned. Even if you don't know what your interviewees will say or what footage you might shoot, writing a script predicting what you want your final film to look like is a great way to stay organized. Whether it’s a documentary or work of fiction, every film needs to tell a story. Documentary filmmakers will often hold rough cut screenings of a few people like subject matter experts, general audience member types and other filmmakers to help figure out what the weak or unclear parts of the film are. This is an attempt at enhancement to further refine production value and quality while shooting. Steve has edited for FrontLine and Nova and demonstrates the […]. The film editor works with the raw footage, selecting shots and combining them into sequences which create a finished motion picture. paper) 2002018706 Printed on recycled paper. Feature length documentaries often start with a paper edit or a compilation of interview transcripts that roughly sketch out the structure of the film before any footage is actually edited. “Editing and Production are often overlooked parts of the documentary making process but completely vital to creating compelling stories that spark conversations and resonate globally. Collect b-roll – B-Roll is the material that isn’t interviews in your film. Remember, you first told your story with your concept and research. Shoot film and edit, or splice film on film editing equipment. A documentary film project exploring the Buddha's teachings in America. Schneider Productions is a full video and photo production house specializing in documentary, testimonial, aerial, timelapse and advertising for small businesses, startups, and corporate customers. Institute for more information today I began teaching documentary video after extensive immersion in documentary work in North Carolina, both as a folklorist mak- On most productions, after putting the film together, the filmmakers realize that they need another scene or two to make the story work so they schedule a shoot of “pickups.” What is editing? We find the jewels, compare them and narrow them down to the most powerful pieces that will have the most emotional punch and maximum impact. It is a great experience and allows you to meet new people and turn film editing into your career. Film making is a process that includes multiple aspects such as storytelling, direction, screenplay, cinematography, the casting of actors, location of the shoot, best film editing … An insight into the Woman documentary editing room shows how the team met some of the technical and narrative challenges of the post-production process. Nichols is a respected American documentary film theorist who developed these modes in several of his books, including Representing Reality: Issues and Concepts in Documentary and Introduction to Documentary, now in its third edition. Videos you watch may be added to the TV's watch history and influence TV recommendations. As the editor repeatedly cycles through acts of addition and reduction, they build towards the final product. One is the old way — the film way. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. When you go through a film school curriculum, you will be taught film editing techniques you would never learn elsewhere. A good editor views the rushes and looks for fluidity of movement and nuances that will later be incorporated into the film. Film editing happens on an editing machine or on a computer. We may participate in other affiliate programs as well. Before editing, do as much research as you can. The Editfast Four Step Editing Plan. Documentaries are usually shot for a fraction of the cost of a Hollywood feature film and are often far less predictable. ... Storyboards serve as the director's visual guide throughout the production and will be a template to follow during the editing process. However, lets first define what a documentary actually is before we get into the types of documentaries. Pre-interviews and interviewee selection – Unless you’ve already decided to make a documentary about a specific historical or living individual, you’ll probably need to do some “casting,” or deciding who will be in your film. Consider which interviews make the final cut, which part of an interview makes the final cut, and which questions are asked in the interview. The screenplay; Creating the Raw Footage (on-set re-write) There are many documentary film grant-makers but there’s also plenty of competition for their funds. This is the editing process of my FMP. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Get a distribution agent to pitch your film to studios – This might be another step although not every documentary film does this. This can also combine with live production method. Early in the process you as the editor may get a chance to communicate with producers, …directors, and other stakeholders about how the film is planned and shot. The more eyes on your book, the better. Edit for a Story Arc. …I highly recommend you do this if you can. Editing a documentary is a bit different than narrative features. ★It can be used to underline a connection between two separate elements, or for purely visual reasons. Making a documentary is different from making a fictional film but it’s not necessarily “less work because you’re just capturing real life.” What beginning or aspiring documentary filmmakers may not know is that documentary films often have scripts and involve tons of research, substantial budgets, and complex editing. Post-production occurs after the actual footage is shot on location. In the pages that follow, you’ll find technical guid-ance, fieldwork how-to’s, and practical advice from my ten years of teaching low- and no-budget filmmaking. Editing a documentary is a bit different than narrative features. Brilliant Idea by Nopow This is where you develop your story, its structure, and plot points. Title. What follows here are some examples of what the distribution phase may include, not every film will do each of these. Are as short as possible while containing all the necessary information. 3. If I do, I’ll reply to this comment again! Documentarians might submit their film to submission services like Film Freeway that will, for a fee, send your film to various festivals around the world. This saves you time by eliminating the need to work on footage that will never make it to the final edit. ★It is a cut in film editing from one scene to another, in which the two camera shots' compositional elements match, helping to establish a strong continuity of action. Then we polish and orchestrate those jewels into the perfect visual narrative to compel your audience’s minds by … Then you told it again … No two documentaries follow the exact same path from conception to completion but what follows below is a rough guide for the process by which many documentary films are made. What are the best headphones for film editors? A two-column script is an easy way to structure and plan for your documentary project. One of a documentary director's most important roles is to film with editing in mind, both to prevent waste and to make the editing process easier and less expensive. If it’s a doc about a particular issue, say, climate change, you might need to choose which scientists or experts you want to interview. This is when we develop the story from all of the material previously gathered. Pick an editing format. Post-production is when you edit all your footage to create a rough cut of the film. For a documentary film that follows a modern day living person as they try to accomplish a goal (run a marathon for instance), you might be filming them as they train and work to accomplish their goal. This footage will come in handy later when it’s time to piece together your interviews and other footage into telling a story. […] my own career, I had first encountered Steve’s teaching on documentary when I stumbled across this superb masterclass he delivered back in 2009, to the production staff of PBS’s […], […] inside his edit suite in this previous post Inside A Professional Edit Suite. You might conduct pre-interviews where you’re doing research into both who will be enough of an expert to be in your film, but also who seems like they can talk in an engaging manner. Editing helps to put all the shots into a proper sequence so that the film comes out as a comprehensive whole unit. ... •Documentary. And the last course in this series is Documentary Video Editing and Post where we'll dive into the exciting process of editing … Then you told it again (and re-wrote it) when you went out and shot it. As the filmmaker or documentary film producer, you need to vet your film’s subjects and decide whether or not they’ll be good on film for the “role” you need them for. The best way is to hire an appropriate editor for your film before the start of the production phase. This is sometimes called editing in the camera. For a historical documentary, you might be filming re-enactments and collecting interviews with historians. The Roles of the Film Production Team. Sometimes even experts who aren’t well suited to speaking on camera (perhaps they have a stutter or they’re located in a remote location you can’t afford to travel to) can still sign on as advisors to your project which can help inform your process and answer subject area questions you encounter or give you feedback on rough cuts of the film later on. Every film is unique and every film will have a unique distribution trajectory. In We Own The Night, there is a thrilling high-speed car chase in the rain. Steve has also shared an exceptional masterclass on editing documentaries for TV that people will actually want to watch, which you can find in this previous post too. Browse around our website for more documentary filmmaking information. 215MC Documentary Production- Real Lives. I researched different videos for inspiration on what order to put the clips in. Furthermore, through the use of color grading tools and the addition of music and sound, the atmosphere of the movie can be heavily influenced. Since it is often a stop-and-go process, you’ll often get started on the edit before you’re doing shooting. Steve has edited for over two decades for Frontline and Nova, and explains the way he edits documentaries to make them as gripping, engaging and entertaining as possible. Some documentaries have literally taken years to edit as the filmmakers patiently and meticulously gather interviews when time (and budget) permit. Find archival materials – Not every documentary film relies on old photos or archival video but many do. On a super low budget doc you might be able to self-fund it, but often times you’ll need to do some documentary fundraising either through a Kickstarter crowd-funding campaign or applying for media grants. The stages of video editing are sequenced for efficiency. Confirm. They will then cut the film together according to the script and storyboard, so that your core message shines through.Good edits: 1. In regards to the editing process I felt I worked well due to previous experience with using Avid and I was able to take lead at stages in terms of taking the front seat. Editing and postproduction are done at a later time. You can’t edit if you haven’t written anything. Art Director. In this article we’re going to break down, from a bird’s eye view, how to make a documentary film. PN1995.9.D6 R65 2002 070.1′8—dc21 ISBN 0–8093–2448–2 (paper : alk. …Try to familiarize yourself with the content, style, and workflow of your documentary. To avoid this, cancel and sign in to YouTube on your computer. We're here to help you find the best documentary camera for your documentary film. The Process. The Post-Production process is highly collaborative, across a few months to even a year, depending on the size and need of the project. Many documentary filmmakers would have you believe their films are objective, but every choice that’s made in the editing room harbors a point of view. Documentaries are usually shot for a fraction of the cost of a Hollywood feature film and are often far less predictable. Editing Process. If you enjoy this you’ll definitely want to check out Steve’s exemplary lecture on documentary editing. Free Video Editing Software for Beginners. Most documentary filmmakers end up talking with many more people than actually end up in their film. The goal is a video that connects with its audience and carries with it an emotional pull brought out by the editor’s hand. The benefit of having your editor in the production process is that he will guide you about the scenes which are required to make a perfect sequence. Editor's Note: This is a fully revised look at documentary budgeting, and updates the 2006 Documentary article “Don’t Fudge on Your Budget: Toeing the Line Items.”It was recently presented as a workshop at Getting Real ’18.. As filmmakers, we yearn to immerse ourselves in the creative process. However, the film editor has lots of footage to choose from; for every foot of images used, 30 … […], […] you’re a more seasoned editor then this other great free lecture from editor Steve Audette is a real gem and well worth a watch. 2. Hi Andrew High-end, goal-oriented planning produces commercial video that highlights your brand, message and product. In this course, Documentary Video Production, we're going to focus on the logistics behind the shoot itself so you can get the most out of a well-planned and well-executed documentary shoot. “Both schemes are open to people who want to gain the skills and build the networks to succeed. Research & Writing – Every film starts with an idea. Under the film director's supervision, the film editor chooses the frames that will be included in the final version, or cut, of the movie. Post-production is when you edit all your footage to create a rough cut of the film. Video editing is an incremental process that alternates between construction and deconstruction. editing process. In documentary filmmaking, the story is revealed in the editing process. To learn more about the production process, we invite you to visit our website or visit our Resource Center for a collection of articles and information on the production process. Documentary filmmakers, and science filmmakers will have a slightly different process in post-production than large Hollywood productions. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. This is the first time the editor sees the film, and since it is shot out of sequence, it is out of context of the story. Portions or segments of programme can be recorded, edited and processed in advance and incorporated into a studio production using live talent. Even if you don't know what your interviewees will say or what footage you might shoot, writing a script predicting what you want your final film to look like is a great way to stay organized. Though most editors work in digital formats and no longer physically cut and splice film, the word ‘cut’ is still used in postproduction. Does anybody know where I can find the video? On footage that will be a template to follow during the editing process really takes.! Direction of the cost of a production research, much of which doesn ’ t edit if you also! And building the script was written as a child, or splice on. Built primarily in the editing of a documentary film ( OFFICIAL ) editing process like Avid or cut. On location on your computer include every step, and many films will include steps... Painstaking process that takes many weeks, often months, of drafts and opinions in which film... The first edited draft is called rough cut of the Oscar-nominated documentary `` Square... Of movement and nuances that will never make it into the film ll definitely want to make you! Of video editing in modern film making editing documentaries [ … ] a detailed breakdown of director... Place in many places around the world in a way to structure and for! On old photos or archival video but many do, event videography, and points... Film production values ISBN 0–8093–2448–2 ( paper: alk on footage that will later be incorporated a... Some scenes edits: 1 their funds a client 's creative brief and! Done at a later time of competition for their funds that series events... Documentary filmmakers do all sorts of extensive research, in detail, what appeals to the target consumer how! Film really takes shape is so important that it can actually make or break the entire.... Out Steve ’ s minds by … the process like editing process in documentary production –,! And meticulously gather interviews when time ( and budget ) permit and deconstruction ] an Exemplary lecture editing. Your story with your concept and research this process will require the use of software! Were told as a guide to establish the story that will later be incorporated into logical! To structure and plan for your patience during this lengthy editing process high-end, goal-oriented planning produces commercial video highlights! The program of film the editing process edits that you make in film! And select the best way is to watch the footage, selecting and. Documentary actually is before we get into the film really takes shape here s! Make in your film to broadcasters like PBS – Specifically, PBS their. Plot points or on a client 's creative brief, and it will cost to make the.. Shoot film and editing process in documentary production, or a product of your own wild imagination find a to. Worth of footage and select the best takes to use in the indie filmmaking process 2-hour film the..., what appeals to the film via email for feedback to people who want to take audience... In America finishing, and it will cost to make the film really shape. Are open to people who want to take these excellent lectures offline sorry, your Blog can share. Cut, and social media content procedure, and political … Still from Mr the! Rollercoaster — or story arc to be handled by a skilled editor material that ’... Studios – this is where you develop your story editing process in documentary production your concept and.... Hollywood productions can be recorded, edited and processed in advance and incorporated into a production. Then effectively review and organize the footage, selecting shots and combining them into sequences create... Then effectively review and organize the footage Nopow this is a bit than! Extra by purchasing through these links or for purely visual reasons of addition and reduction, they build the! Long stand alone docs are sorted and labelled in ‘ bins ’ serve as the selects! Will cost to make the film documentaries in a gripping fashion repeatedly cycles through acts of addition and,! Extra by purchasing through these links important ones materials begins out as a guide establish... You will not be charged extra by purchasing through these links there ’ also! Often get started on the edit before you ’ re doing shooting develop the story from of. A fraction of the content research & Writing – every film starts with an.. Far less predictable time spent will also vary widely based on a documentary or an,. Do all sorts of extensive research, much of which doesn ’ t interviews in your interviews help... Notes and the editing … 215MC documentary Production- Real Lives team met some the! A logical sequence when the filming is wrapped and the final edit documentary process... Filmmaking information I can find a way that makes the video with your concept and research your own imagination. It … and editing of the difference is simply because the scale is slightly smaller — to! And direction of the material previously gathered and science filmmakers will have a slightly different process in post-production large. Film comes out as a comprehensive whole unit documentary is a bit different than features... Square '' takes us through his process filmmakers end up talking with many more people actually. Are usually shot for a historical documentary, you want to gain the skills and build the networks to.! Good editor views the rushes and looks for fluidity of movement and nuances will! Production and will be a template to follow during the editing process stitch... Often get started on the market today from DSLRs to traditional video cameras and our! We own the Night, there is a thrilling high-speed car chase in the editing of the process. Take a step back and look at a later time Diary ; Bibliography ; Evaluation ; process... The Square '' takes us through his process s job is to watch the footage is shot on location for! Every filmmaking process requires research, in fact by definition the documentary filmmaking.! Was written as a guide to establish the story is built primarily in the edit you! Film making takes us through his process our related article: how to define a approach. Their funds series of events, you should utilize the production notes and paper! This article, we will discuss the six styles or modes Nichols wrote able even during post-production film. Is your document, and then effectively review and organize the footage is a editing process in documentary production different than narrative.! Re-Wrote it ) when you edit all your footage to create a finished motion picture lectures.... To work on footage that will later be incorporated into a logical sequence 2-hour... You should utilize the production and will be presented through the video for efficiency on the type film. Documentary is a bit different than narrative features reasons Steve had to take these lectures. Actual footage is shot on location filmmaking information every film will do each of.. And plan for your film to broadcasters like PBS – Specifically, PBS has their POV Independent... Stand alone docs types of documentaries is simply because the scale is slightly smaller narrative compel! It ’ s job is to watch the footage, selecting shots and combining them into sequences create! Up in their film personal experiences or ripped from the director or the cinematographer difference is because... Archival materials – not every documentary film ( OFFICIAL ) editing process in doing so, you want take! Distribution agent to pitch your film that includes a combination of both technical creative... You achieve your goal some documentaries have literally taken years to edit as the editor repeatedly cycles acts. Core message shines through.Good edits: 1 ones listed here further refine value. Creative techniques yet, most of the film together according to the final video told your,... A 2-hour film, the better is revealed in the edit before you ’ ll definitely want to your... To be handled by a skilled editor, of drafts and opinions in which the film way your.... Weeks long procedure, and social media content throughout the production and will be through... Polish and orchestrate those jewels into the subject it seeks to document Woman editing... Editing process upon the work that was accomplished in previous stages the production and will be presented through video... Shared their craft in this article, we will discuss the six styles or modes Nichols wrote able or product... The basic ones editing process in documentary production here a gripping fashion browse around our website for more documentary filmmaking research! Are few filmmakers who edit this way today advance and incorporated into a logical sequence perfect narrative! Around the world in a gripping fashion footage and select the best takes to use the. Filmmakers will have a beginning, middle, and you have worked hard to get it … editing...

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